Dative Case
Declension of Singular Nouns

The declension of singular nouns with dative is quite easy. Masculine and neuter nouns have a “у” or “ю” ending according if their endings are hard (consonnant) or soft (“ь” or “й”). Feminine nouns ending “а” and “я” will be changed to “е” and the ones ending “ия” to “ии”.

Let’s have a look at the table below:

Nominative Кто? (Who?)Что? (What?)Dative Кому?  (To whom?) Чему? (Which?)Ending
Masculineдруг преподаватель Андрейдругу преподавателю Андрею– у – ю
Neuterписьмо море зданиеписьму морю зданиюу – ю
Feminineподруга Катя Марияподруге Кате Мариие – и

!! ATTENTION !!

NominativeDative
МатьМатери
ДочьДочери

Examples

  • Папа дал книгу Вадиму. (Dad gave a book to Vadim.)
  • Маша позвонила подруге. (Masha called her friend.)
  • Родители купили подарок брату. (The parents bought a present for my brother.)
  • Я готовлю папу ужин. (I prepare dinner for dad.)
  • Дети подарили учительнице цветы. (The children offered flowers to their teacher.)

Exercises

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