Dative Case
Declension of Singular Nouns

The declension of singular nouns with dative is quite easy. Masculine and neuter nouns have a “у” or “ю” ending according if their endings are hard (consonnant) or soft (“ь” or “й”). Feminine nouns ending “а” and “я” will be changed to “е” and the ones ending “ия” to “ии”.

Let’s have a look at the table below:

Nominative Кто? (Who?)Что? (What?) Dative Кому?  (To whom?) Чему? (Which?) Ending
Masculine друг преподаватель Андрей другу преподавателю Андрею – у – ю
Neuter письмо море здание письму морю зданию у – ю
Feminine подруга Катя Мария подруге Кате Марии е – и

!! ATTENTION !!

Nominative Dative
Мать Матери
Дочь Дочери

Examples

  • Папа дал книгу Вадиму. (Dad gave a book to Vadim.)
  • Маша позвонила подруге. (Masha called her friend.)
  • Родители купили подарок брату. (The parents bought a present for my brother.)
  • Я готовлю папу ужин. (I prepare dinner for dad.)
  • Дети подарили учительнице цветы. (The children offered flowers to their teacher.)

Exercises

Enroll!